International Journal of Anatomy and Research



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Type of Article : Orginal

Year: 2014 | Volume 2 | Issue 4 | Page No. 617-620

Date of Publication: 31-10-2014

DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2014.507


STUDY OF LATERAL CIRCUMFLEX FEMORAL ARTERY

Brijesh R.  Aghera *1, Priyanka Karunakar 2, Sujatha. K 3, T. Vijay. Sylvester 4.

 *1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kannur Medical College, Kannur (Kerala), India.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, KBN Medical College, Gulbarga (Karnataka), India.
3 Assistant Professor in Department of Anatomy, Akash Institute of Medical Sciences and Research centre, Devanahalli, Bangalore, India.
4 Reader in Dept of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kannur Dental College, Kannur, (Kerala), India.

Address: Dr. Brijesh R Aghera, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kannur medical college, Anajarakandy, Kannur, Kerala 670612, India. Phone Number: +919847713544, +919558731155 Email id: drbrijeshaghera@gmail.com

Abstract
Background: Lateral circumflex femoral artery is a one of most important branch of Profunda femoris artery. It is an artery supplying blood to the head and neck of the femur and form anastomosis around upper part of femur. In many cases artery is useful for bypass surgery like aortopopliteal bypass, anterolateral thigh flap, coronary bypass surgery. Hence the knowledge of variations of artery and its branches are useful during operations such as total hip arthroplasty and other surgery to prevent haemorrhage and other complications.
Methods: The present study includes 102 lower limbs of adult formalin fixed human cadavers used for the routine dissection procedure for under graduate and post graduate students in the department of Anatomy, M.R. Medical College, KBN Medical college and H K E Homeopathic College, Gulbarga during 2011-2014.The study was done by dissection method as per Cunningham’s manual of practical Anatomy.
Results: The origin of lateral circumflex femoral artery from profunda femoral artery on lateral aspect was observed in 82 limbs (80.38%).Origin of lateral circumflex femoral artery from femoral artery having common stem with Profunda femoris artery were observed in 11 limbs (10.78%).Origin of lateral circumflex femoral artery from femoral artery were observed in 7 limbs (7.8%).
Conclusion: Concluding and comparison of our study and past studies, all knowledge of the normal anatomy and variations of the site of origin and course of the LCF artery is not only surgical importance during vascular diagnostic intervention and surgeries but also helps in reducing the chances of intra-operative secondary haemorrhage and post-operative complications.
Key words: Lateral circumflex femoral artery, Profunda femoris artery, Femoral artery 

References

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Brijesh R. Aghera, Priyanka Karunakar, Sujatha. K, T. Vijay. Sylvester. STUDY OF LATERAL CIRCUMFLEX FEMORAL ARTERY. Int J Anat Res 2014;2(4):609-613. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2014.507

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