Type of Article : Orginal
Year: 2014 | Volume 2 | Issue 4 | Page No. 636-639
Date of Publication: 31-10-2014
MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF MEDIAL CIRCUMFLEX FEMORAL ARTERY IN HUMAN CADAVERS
Brijesh R. Aghera *1, Priyanka Karunakar 2, Sujatha. K 3, Fathima T 4.
*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kannur Medical College, Kannur (Kerala), India.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, KBN Medical College, Gulbarga (Karnataka), India.3 Assistant Professor in Department of Anatomy, Akash Institute of Medical Sciences and Research centre, Devanahalli, Bangalore, India.
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, KBN Medical College, Gulbarga (Karnataka), India.
Address: Dr. Brijesh R Aghera, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kannur medical college, Anajarakandy, Kannur, Kerala 670612, India. Phone Number: +919847713544, +919558731155 Email id: email@example.com
Background: Medial circumflex femoral artery is an important branch of Profunda femoris artery. It is an important artery in supplying blood to the head and neck of the femur, the adductor muscles and form anastomosis around head of femur. So study of variation of medial circumflex femoral artery great value for surgeon and orthopaedic surgeries.
Materials and Methods: The present study includes 102 lower limbs of adult formalin fixed human cadavers used for the routine dissection procedure for under graduate and post graduate students in the department of Anatomy, M.R. Medical College, KBN Medical college and H K E Homeopathic College, Gulbarga (India) during 2011-2014.The study was done by dissection method as per Cunningham’s manual of practical Anatomy.
Result: In present study, we found that 25 extremities (25.49%) medial circumflex femoral artery was originated directly from femoral artery. In 10 extremities (9.80%) a common trunk was observed form medial circumflex femoral with femoral artery. Normal study was observed in 66 extremities (64.70%).
Conclusion: In present study and other past studies we conclude that knowledge of variation in this artery is very important to preventing injury to vessels during surgical procedures around hip joint and also has important value in plastic surgery operations as the vascular pedicle of grafts such as the transverse upper gracilis (TUG) flap, medial thigh flap and medial circumflex femoral (gracilis) perforator free flap. During case of selective arteriography in ischaemic necrosis of the femoral head to know the arterial supply of the femoral head it is used.
KEY WORDS: Medial circumflex femoral artery, Profunda femoris artery, Femoral artery.
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Brijesh R. Aghera, Priyanka Karunakar, Sujatha. K , Fathima T. MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF MEDIAL CIRCUMFLEX FEMORAL ARTERY IN HUMAN CADAVERS. Int J Anat Res 2014;2(4):636-639. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2014.514