International Journal of Anatomy and Research

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Type of Article : Original Research

Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 3 | Page No. 1345-1350

Date of Publication: 30-09-2015



Shailendra Singh, Suniti Raj Mishra *, Pramod Kumar, Priyanka Sinha, Sushobhana, Jigyasa Passey, Rahul Singh.

*Department of Anatomy, G.S.V.M. Medical College, Kanpur. Uttar Pradesh, India.

Address: Prof Dr. Suniti Raj Mishra, Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, G.S.V.M. Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.


Background: The mandibular foramen, is the emerging point of the neurovascular bundle which makes it fundamental for performing anaesthetic techniques for desensitization of the mandible in oral surgery interventions. The knowledge of position of mandibular foramen is neccessary while anaesthetizing palate during periodontal procedures, tooth extractions and maxillofacial surgeries.
Objective: The present study was carried out to identify the position and   location of mandibular foramen in relation to the angle of mandible (gonial angle) in adult human mandibles of  Indian origin .
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 300 adult human dry skulls of Indian Population. Angle of mandible, Distance of mandibular foramen from angle of mandible and Angle of mandibular foramen with the base of mandible were measured. Measurements were done with Steel measuring tape and Mylometer. The data was statistically analysed.
Results and Conclusion: The Mean value of the angle of mandible (Gonial Angle) was 121.870 ± 6.220. The Mean value of the distance of mandibular foramen from angle of mandible was 22.78± 4.05 mm.The angle of mandibular foramen was Mean ± standard deviation of 82.240± 6.870. The morphometric correlation of the parameters analyzed in the mandibles showed a statistically significant Pearson correlation. Regression line was also derived.
KEY WORDS: Anaesthesia, Anatomy, Angle of Mandible, Gonial Angle, Mandibular Foramen, Morphometry.


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Shailendra Singh, Suniti Raj Mishra, Pramod Kumar, Priyanka Sinha, Sushobhana, Jigyasa Passey, Rahul Singh. LOCATION OF MANDIBULAR FORAMEN IN CORRELATION WITH THE GONIAL ANGLE IN INDIAN POPULATION: A MORPHOMETRIC STUDY FOR SURGICAL PRACTICES. Int J Anat Res 2015;3(3):1345-1350. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2015.231




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