International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research

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Type of Article : Original Research

Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 2 | Page No. 1011-1016

Date of Publication: 11-04-2015

DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.125


Prashant Naik 1, Aashka Shailesh Tanna *2, Priyanka Nareshkumar Mudaliar 3, Asmita Damodar Tari 4.  

1 Lecturer, K.L.E. University's Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
*2,3,4 Intern, K.L.E. University's Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.

Corresponding author: Aashka Shailesh Tanna, Flat No-503,5th Floor, Highland Park, B-4, Jay Sharshtri Nagar, Nahur Village, Mulund West, Mumbai: 400082, India.


Background: In  India,  prevalence  of  dysmenorrhea  varies from  33% to 79.67% 1-5. Dysmenorrhea  is  the  commonest  cause  of  absenteeism  among  college  going  girls6-9.  It  is  related  to  various  factors  such  as  cigarette  smoking,  alcohol  consumption,  exercise,  dietary  habits,  physical  factors  such  as  Body  Mass  Index (BMI)  and  menstrual  factors  such  as  age  at  menarche  and  duration  of  menstrual  flow  and  emotional  factors  such  as  stress,  anxiety  and  apprehension10.  It  is  of  immense  importance  to  study  the  factors  determining  the  variations  in  dysmenorrhea  due   to  stress  related  conditions.
Objective: To  study  the  variations  of  dysmenorrhea  during  stress  in  college  going  girls  in  Belagavi  city. With an objective to  study  the  variations  of  dysmenorrhea  during  non-stress  condition  in  college  going  girls  in  Belagavi  city and to to  study  the  variations  of  dysmenorrhea  during  stressful  and  non-stressful  conditions  among  college going  girls  in  Belagavi  city.
Methods: A total of 400 college going adolescent girls were screened for primary dysmenorrhea and pathological difficulties, malignancy and parity were excluded from the study.  Confirmation of Primary Dysmenorrhea was done using Moos Menstrual  Distress  Questionnaire. Once confirmed, all participants were subjected to councelling, taking into consideration  the  various  risk  factors  and  awareness  about diet and regular physical exercise  was conducted.
Results:  The present study proved that  BMI was an independent risk factor among dysmenorrhic  girls  with  the  onset  of  symptoms  occurring  mostly  among  the  early  age group i.e 20.9 years. This  study  also  proved  the  alternate  hypothesis  true  i.e  there  was  a  positive  and  significant  co-relation  between  each  component  taken  in  MMDQ  with the  mean  values  peaking  mostly  in  the  stress  group  than  in non stress group  with  the values  of  124  and  76.7  respectively.
Conclusion: The present study concluded that there was a significant variation in dysmenorrhea  during  stress  and  non stress  condition  in  college  going  girls.
KEY WORDS: Dysmenorrhea, stress , non stress , college going girls,  Menstrual Distress Questionnaire.


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Prashant Naik, Aashka Shailesh Tanna, Priyanka Nareshkumar Mudaliar, Asmita Damodar Tari. VARIATIONS OF DYSMENORRHEA DURING STRESS AND NON STRESS CONDITION IN COLLEGE GOING GIRLS IN BELGAUM CITY: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY. Int J Physiother Res 2015;3(2):1012-1016. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.125




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