International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research

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Type of Article : Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 2 | Page No. 1389-1393

Date of Publication: 11-04-2016

DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.205


Samiah F. Alqabbani 1, Eric G. Johnson *2, Noha S. Daher 3, Shilpa B. Gaikwad 4, SukrutDeshpande 5.

1 Doctor of Science in Physical Therapy Student, Loma Linda University, School of Allied Health Professions, Department of Physical Therapy, Loma Linda, California.
*2 Professor, Loma Linda University, School of Allied Health Professions, Department of Physical Therapy, Loma Linda, California.
3 Associate Professor, Loma Linda University, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda, California.
4 PhD in Rehabilitation Science Student, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, California.
5 Post-Professional Doctor of Physical Therapy Student, Loma Linda University, School of Allied Health Profession, Department of Physical Therapy, Loma Linda, California.

Corresponding author: Eric G. Johnson, DSc, PT, MS-HPEd, NCS: Professor, Loma Linda University, School of Allied Health Professions, Department of Physical Therapy, Loma Linda, California.


Background: Proprioception plays an important role in sensorimotor control of posture and movement. Impairments in cervical proprioception have been demonstrated in subjects with whiplash-associated disorder, patients with age-related degeneration, and patients with articular diseases or spondylosis. The joint position error test is widely used to measure head repositioning accuracy.
Objective: The purpose of this pilot study was to compare cervical spine joint position error in females who routinely wear headscarves to females that do not wear headscarves.
Methods: Twelve females with mean age 27.5±4.0 years were divided into two groups: females who routinely wear headscarves (n=6), and females who never wear headscarves (n=6). Joint position error was measured using a head-mounted laser while subjects were seated. The tasks involved relocating the head to neutral after flexion, extension, right rotation, and left rotation. A total of six trials were done for each direction.
Results: The joint position error was higher in females wearing headscarves compared to females who do not wear them in the cumulative joint position error score (8.2±1.0 vs. 4.4±1.0, p=0.06) as well as during head rotation to the right (9.3±1.6 vs. 3.1±1.6, p=0.06).
Conclusion: Wearing headscarves may increase the cervical joint position error and can negatively impact postural control. However, further studies are needed to confirm this finding.
Key Words: Cervical spine, proprioception, joint position error, headscarves.


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Samiah F. Alqabbani, Eric G. Johnson, Noha S. Daher, Shilpa B. Gaikwad, SukrutDeshpande. THE EFFECT OF WEARING HEADSCARVES ON CERVICAL SPINE PROPRIOCEPTION. Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(2):1389-1393. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.205




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